面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

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Merkel's political career deeply rooted in her upbringing******

Angela Merkel, née Angela Dorothea Kasner, was born on July 17, 1954, in Hamburg, West Germany, where her father was a theology student and her mother a teacher of Latin and English.。

The family relocated to East Germany just weeks after Merkel's birth, when tens of thousands were heading the other way.。

In grade 8, she won a prize in a Russian competition, and at the age of 14, she began to attend international mathematics Olympiad in East Europe.。

In 1973, she began studying physics at Karl Marx University (now the University of Leipzig). She met her first husband, Ulrich Merkel, while attending an event in the Soviet Union in 1974.。

They married in 1977 and divorced in 1982, though she kept his last name, even after Merkel married her longtime companion, chemistry professor Joachim Sauer, her mentor in doctoral studies, in 1998.。

Sauer, professor of quantum chemistry at Berlin's Humboldt University before his retirement in 2017, has kept out of the public eye.。

After earning her degree in 1978, she worked at the Central Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in East Berlin, earning a doctorate in 1986 in physical chemistry.。

After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, Merkel joined the newly founded Democratic Awakening, becoming the party's press spokesperson in February 1990.。

In the first post-reunification election in December 1990, Merkel won a seat in the Bundestag, and was appointed minister for women and youth by Chancellor Helmut Kohl in January 1991.。

Merkel was elected the CDU's deputy chairman in 1991. After the 1994 election Merkel became minister of environment, conservation, and reactor safety.。

In late 1999, a finance scandal hit the CDU, implicating Kohl. Merkel, Kohl's former protegee, called upon the party to make a fresh start. On April 10, 2000, Merkel was elected head of the CDU, becoming the first woman and the first non-Catholic to lead the party.。

Although Merkel had hoped to stand as a candidate for chancellor in the 2002 election, a majority of her party expressed a preference for Edmund Stoiber of the Christian Social Union (CSU), the CDU's sister party in Bavaria. The CDU-CSU block narrowly lost the election, and Merkel became leader of the opposition.。

CFP。

In this file combination of photos taken on December 30, 2017 shows German chancellor Angela Merkel posing after the recording of her annual New Year's speech at the Chancellery in Berlin (bottom row right to left) 2005- 2008, (second row right-left) 2009-2012, (third row right to left) 2013-2014, (top row right to left) 2015-2016 and (center, top) 2017.。

First term。

The September 2005 election eventually led the CDU-CSU and the SPD to settle on a "grand coalition" government with Merkel at its head. On November 22, 2005, Merkel took office as chancellor, becoming the first woman, the first East German, and, at age 51, the youngest person for the office.。

Second term。

After the parliamentary elections held in September 2009, with the SDP posting its worst performance since 1949, Merkel was re-elected and formed a government with the Free Democratic Party (FDP). Merkel's second term was largely characterized by her role in responding to the euro-zone debt crisis, controversially embracing austerity as the path to recovery.。

Third term。

Although the CDU-CSU alliance won an impressive victory in the September 2013 federal election, after more than two months of negotiations, Merkel secured an agreement with the SDP to form another grand coalition government.。

The struggling European economy continued to loom large, aggravated by Europe's gravest refugee crisis since World War II. Despite her earlier pledge, Merkel reintroduced border controls with Austria in September 2015.。

Over 1 million migrants entered Germany in 2015, and Merkel's party paid a steep political price.。

Fourth term。

Two-thirds of SPD voters approved the proposed government in March 2018, officially securing Merkel's fourth term. Later in October 2018 a dismal CDU regional election performance led Merkel to announce her intention to step down as chancellor at the end of her fourth term.。

Merkel's style of government has been characterized by pragmatism, although critics have accused her of lacking a clear stance and ideology.。

She demonstrated her willingness to adopt the positions of her political opponents if they proved effective, as testified to by Merkel's decision to phase out nuclear power in the wake of the Fukushima accident in 2011, a dramatic reverse of her previous pro-nuclear power stance expected of a scientist.。

When German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier recently thanked Merkel for steering the country through difficult times, particularly during her final four-year term, he mentioned the coronavirus pandemic, Brexit, and a US government under President Donald Trump that he said "had little to no interest in the international order and trans-Atlantic partnership."

Russian forces hit 975 Ukrainian military infrastructure objects******

The Russian Armed Forces have destroyed 975 Ukrainian military infrastructure objects, Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said Sunday.

A total of 471 Ukrainian servicemen have been detained and will be sent to their families after paperwork, he added.

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陕西秦岭国家公园创建获批 秦岭保护“重磅加码”******

  本报讯(记者 李佳 实习生曹睿洁)10月25日,陕西省林业局传来喜讯,秦岭国家公园创建获得国家公园管理局的正式批复,同意陕西创建秦岭国家公园工作。至此,秦岭保护“重磅加码”,秦岭核心资源将得到完整原真保护。

  秦岭具有典型北亚热带与暖温带过渡特征生态系统和明显垂直带谱,保存了许多古老、珍稀、特有野生动植物物种,具有突出的国家代表性。创建秦岭国家公园,对维护我国南北分界线自然生态系统平衡、保护中央水塔、筑牢我国地理中央生态安全屏障具有重要意义。

  按照创建要求,陕西将抓紧推进以下重点工作:科学确定边界范围和分区。衔接《陕西省秦岭生态环境保护条例》,对接国土“三调”以及生态保护红线划定工作,结合自然保护地整合优化成果,科学确定秦岭国家公园边界范围和管控分区,提出差别化管控措施。对各类自然保护地提出具体整合优化方案。有序调处矛盾冲突。核实永久基本农田、人工商品林、矿业权、小水电、景区景点等矛盾冲突情况,按照生态优先原则,提出主要矛盾调处方案。摸清松材线虫病疫木疫情底数,制定处置方案,强化疫情防控工作。

  提出管理机构设置方案。根据中央编委关于国家公园管理机构设置的相关文件精神,整合涉及的自然保护地相关机构和人员编制,研究提出《秦岭国家公园管理机构设置方案》。

  加强生态保护修复。严格保护天然林,加大低质低效林改造,巩固退耕还林成果。推进破坏山体矿山废弃地修复治理。逐步改造大熊猫等重点保护物种栖息地中人工纯林。建设生态廊道,加强重要物种栖息地连通性。

  推动社区转型发展。推动社区居民生产生活方式转型,探索建立社区共建共管协调机制。设置公益岗位,加强管护人员培训。加强宣传凝聚社会共识。传播国家公园理念,拓宽宣传推广渠道,引导社会舆论,形成群众主动保护、社会广泛参与的良好氛围。遵循国家相关法律法规,结合《陕西省秦岭生态环境保护条例》,研究制定秦岭国家公园管理建设相关地方性法规。

  下一步,国家公园管理局将会同陕西建立局省联席会议协调推进机制,积极协调有关部门,在相关政策、资金项目和技术支撑等方面给予倾斜支持,推进秦岭国家公园创建工作。根据陕西创建工作完成情况,国家公园管理局将组织开展评估验收,并会同陕西编制《秦岭国家公园设立方案》,按程序报批。


来源:三秦都市报

编辑:王蜀周秦

埃及“失落的黄金城”重见天日******

  当地时间4月10日,埃及南部城市卢克索被掘出的一座距今超过3000年的古城遗迹。据报道,这座古城的历史可以追溯到阿蒙霍特普三世(AmenhotepIII)统治时期,考古学家说这是在埃及发现的“最大的”古城。著名的埃及考古学家扎希·哈瓦斯称,这座在传说中的国王谷所在地卢克索附近发现的古城是“失落的黄金城”。


你“鸿鹄志远”,我“倾力相助”

1.驻韩美军29日起接种疫苗 韩美将讨论附编韩军接种问题

2.国家国防科工局、国家文物局携手加强军工文物保护利用

3.北京发生山洪灾害 铲车翻倒4人被困

4.评美国防部2020年度《中国军事与安全发展报告》

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